NEW BRIGHTON, MN – The voices of a dogmatic group of individuals with a creed, "sola scriptura" from England four centuries ago are reverberating once again in the message delivered to The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). The ELCA has been admonished to change controversial requirements for ordaining new pastors and installing new bishops.
A newly formed group of international Lutheran Theologians issued a written statement November 18, 2002 suggesting that the ELCA may have contradicted its own Lutheran Confessions in adopting new ordination requirements in recent years. The admonition addressed primarily the issue of requiring that new ministers and bishops be ordained into an "Episcopal succession" as defined by The Episcopal Church USA (ECUSA). (See the full text at WordAlone.)
However, the document suggested the ELCA could remain true to the Confessions by giving equal value to ordinations done outside the new requirements. New rites were mandated by a full communion agreement with the ECUSA, approved by the ELCA ruling body in 1999.
The theologians categorized the requirements for ordination into "Episcopal succession" as unnecessary or "indifferent (adiaphoron)" for justification of the sinner or for the church. They wrote that by making "an adiaphoron into a theological necessity", the ELCA seemed to have contradicted its own confessional documents, which state that the church is rendered manifest only when it properly preaches the gospel and distributes the sacraments.
"Episcopal succession" is accomplished by having only bishops ordain new ministers and having new bishops installed by other bishops including three Episcopal ones. Formerly, Lutheran pastors were often ordained by other pastors and Lutheran bishops were not installed by Episcopal bishops.
The group of theologians was a consequence of a Lutheran reformation movement known as the WordAlone Network, congregated for the first time on November 16-18, 2002 in Minnesota. The members wrote and signed the document in two and a half days.
The announcement was presented November 18 at a conference in St. Andrew's Lutheran Church, Mahtomedi, Minn., for laypersons and clergy, offered by WordAlone as a follow-up to the theologians' meeting. The meeting, which was announced at the end of September, drew several hundred people from 21 states and five countries.
Conference participants began signing the admonition during the conference. Since then, WordAlone has received 396 signatures at the conference and from Internet responses.
Participating theologians were:
Dr. James Bangsund, Senior Lecturer, Old Testament and Hebrew, Makumira University College, Tanzania
Dr. James Burtness, Emeritus Professor of Systematic Theology, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Gerhard Forde, Emeritus Professor of Systematic Theology, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. George W. Forell, Carver Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa
Dr. Roy A. Harrisville, Emeritus Professor of New Testament, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Jack Dean Kingsbury, Emeritus Professor of New Testament, Union Theological Seminary, Richmond, Virginia
Dr. James Nestingen, Professor of Church History, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Steven D. Paulson, Associate Professor of Systematic Theology, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Hans Schwarz, Professor of Systematic Theology and Contemporary Theological Issues, University of Regensburg, Germany
Dr. Walter Sundberg, Professor of Church History, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota
Dr. Martin Synnes, Associate Professor of New Testament, The Norwegian Lutheran School of Theology (Det Teologiske Menighetsfakultet), Oslo, Norway
Dr. Dorothea Wendebourg, Professor of Church History, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Dr. Vitor Westhelle, Professor of Systematic Theology, Lutheran School of Theology in Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
The document was also signed by Dr. Mary Jane Haemig, Associate Professor of Church History, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, Dr. Gerhard Krodel, Emeritus Professor of New Testament, Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Dr. Gottfried Krodel, Emeritus Professor of Church History, Valparaiso University, Indiana who were unable to attend.
By Albert H. Lee