List of Newly Appointed Cardinals

( [email protected] ) Oct 22, 2003 09:38 AM EDT

Pope John Paul II installed 30 new cardinals as well as one unnamed prelate on Tuesday, Oct. 21. The new appointments bring the body that will elect a new Pope to a record 135. The diversity of the body reflects what the Pope described as the variety of races and cultures which make up the Christian people.

The consistory saw the appointment of Ghana and Sudan's first ever cardinals; Nigeria now has two. The first ever cardinal from the tribal community of India also received a red hat - as did archbishops from Vietnam, Poland, the United States and Guatemala.

The following is the list of Cardinals that were elevated.

Monsignor Jean-Louis Tauran, France, Vatican foreign minister

Monsignor Renato Martino, Italy, President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace

Monsignor Francesco Marchisano, Italy, Archpriest of St. Peter's Basilica

Monsignor Julian Herranz, Spain, head of the Vatican Office of Legislative Texts

Monsignor Javier Lozano Barragan, Mexico, head of Vatican office of Health Care

Monsignor Stephen Fumio Hamao, Japan, head of Vatican office of Migrants

Monsignor Attilio Nicora, Italy, head of the Administration of Patrimony of the Holy See

Residential archbishops:

Monsignor Angelo Scola, Italy, Patriarch of Venice

Monsignor Anthony Olubunmi Okogie, Nigeria, Archbishop of Lagos

Monsignor Bernard Panafieu, France, Archbishop of Marseille

Monsignor Gabriel Zubeir Wako, Sudan, Archbishop of Khartoum

Monsignor Carlos Amigo Vallejo, Spain, Archbishop of Seville

Monsignor Justin Rigali, United States, Archbishop of Philadelphia

Monsignor Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien, Scotland, Archbishop of St. Andrews and Edinburgh

Monsignor Eusebio Oscar Scheid, Brazil, Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro

Monsignor Ennio Antonelli, Italy, Archbishop of Florence

Monsignor Tarcisco Bertone, Italy, Archbishop of Genoa

Monsignor Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, Ghana, Archbishop of Cape Coast

Monsignor Telesphore Placidus Toppo, India, Archbishop of Ranchi

Monsignor George Pell, Australia, Archbishop of Sydney

Monsignor Josip Bozanic, Croatia, Archbishop of Zagreb

Monsignor Jean-Baptiste Pham Minh Man, Vietnam, Archbishop of Ho Chi Minh City

Monsignor Rodolfo Quezada Toruno, Guatemala, Archbishop of Guatemala

Monsignor Philippe Barbarin, France, Archbishop of Lyon

Monsignor Peter Erdo, Hungary, Archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest

Monsignor Marc Ouellet, Canada, Archbishop of Quebec

Named for special service to the church:

The Reverend George Cottier, Switzerland, the pope's personal theologian

Monsignor Gustaaf Joos, Belgium

The Reverend Thomas Spidlik, Czech Republic

The Reverend Stanislaw Nagy, Poland

And a 31st cardinal named "in pectore" and not made public.